Full-Spectrum vs. Broad-Spectrum CBD
Full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD products are two of the three main types of CBD extracts available on the market, and thus, you’ll encounter them quite often as you browse. However, do you know what the differences are between full-spectrum vs. broad-spectrum CBD? To help you make a more informed choice, allow us to point out the key differences.
Before we look at the spectrums themselves, we should identify the different ways CBD is extracted from cannabis and how that process can affect the CBD products, so it’s not confused with the effects of full- or broad-spectrum CBD.
- CO2 Extraction – Using carbon dioxide to extract the CBD, this is one of the more popular extraction methods, as it produces a high concentration of CBD without altering the properties of the CBD.
- Solvent Extraction – An effective method that uses solvents like ethanol to remove CBD oil from the cannabis plants. Although an effective method, leftover solvents can alter the taste and potentially dilute the CBD oil, making it less potent.
- Steam Distillation – Less effective than CO2 extraction, steam distillation is typically used for essential oils. Steam distillation is still usable for CBD, but it is not recommended.
The main difference between full-spectrum vs. broad-spectrum CBD is that full-spectrum contains trace amounts of THC—approximately 0.3% or less. This small amount isn’t enough to get someone high, but the combination of compounds from cannabis plants creates an “entourage effect” that makes the benefits of CBD more potent than if you were to consume it alone.
It should be noted, however, that when a manufacturer creates a concentrate, the levels of THC can increase and potentially have the side effect of giving you a buzz. Products such as delta 8 THC carts will also purposefully include THC for those desiring the euphoric high sensation.
Broad-spectrum is similar to full-spectrum CBD since it contains other compounds within the CBD to create that entourage effect, but does not typically contain any trace amounts of THC. This makes it preferable for customers looking to avoid THC as much as possible and those who wish to focus only on the pain and anxiety-relieving properties of CBD. As broad-spectrum CBD strives to be as devoid of THC as possible, it’s also less likely to create a false positive on any drug tests that would be caused by a significant presence of THC.